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Visit the Royal Marina Juan Carlos I in Valencia

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The history of the Port of Valencia is a story of the difficulties they had to overcome to reach creating this totally artificial port, on a beach without depth or shelter of any kind, until the beautiful reality of a port if not perfect, at least magnificent depth and breadth conditions that make it one of the best on the coast.

marina-real-juan-carlos-I-valencia-03Probably in the place of the existing port had a pier since before the conquest of Valencia by James I, because their hosts were helped by it. This pier, where was established the camp of King James I, was called grau (Latin gradus). The maritime importance of Valencia is confirmed by the fact that, in 1283, Peter III of Aragon granted an important privilege, the Consulate of the Sea. The town of Valencia, established by the Turia River, about 3 km from the coast , had in the fourteenth century a water communication with the sea. The Turia river were somehow navigated to the walls of Valencia.

The first works which we have record were carried out under the privilege granted to Antoni Joan, by King Ferdinand, issued in Cordoba in 1483. The king granted license to build a wooden bridge on the beach of the Shore, to start on land and even into the sea and is now known as «Pont de Fusta». In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century, was the expansion of the shipyards. In the sixteenth century was clear the gap between the needs of a maritime power and a port marked as unsuitable for cover. After various negotiations, in 1679 was awarded to the capital of the Kingdom of Valencia, by royal order, the right to be port freight traffic to other realms even more urgent by the refurbishment to achieve fluency in the relationship by sea. The Valencian port maintained a poor conditioning until the eighteenth century, however, always had some major traffic.

marina-real-juan-carlos-I-valencia-04From 1792, began a period of refurbishment works which were interrupted on numerous occasions. The year 1852 was decisive in the history of the port of Valencia, as the civil engineer, John Subercase, presented a project that involved the construction of two dams and a breakwater isolated and transverse dikes to divide the room warm in outer harbor and dock. In 1897 the engineer Manuel Maese realized the project of the new port of Valencia, being modified (expanded) in the second half of the twentieth century. The increase in freight traffic and storage, made it necessary to build transit sheds in the Port of Valencia, according to plans drawn up by engineer Don Fausto Elio.

From the year 2005, on the occasion of the election of the city to host of the 32nd America‘s Cup, the north of the port underwent major transformations. It was built and endowed a jetty service for megayachts in the dock also opened to the sea through a channel leading to two marinas and a mouth; buildings were edified for each of the participating teams as well as staff organizing the event, television media and volunteers, and finally the Museum of Glass House and the emblem of the Navy, the guest building, Veles e Vents. As a consequence, are separated physically shopping and entertainment areas, which stands the Marina Real Juan Carlos I.

Currently, the Port of Valencia is the leading Spanish port container traffic, and is among the top 10 in Europe and top 50 in the world. With regard to passenger transport, has a regular traffic Balearic and Italy as well as a growing cruise market.

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