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Third taifa of Valencia (1228-1238)

Third Taifa (1228 – 1238)

The Pact between Jaime I and Zayd Abu Zayd made that many Muslims passed to the side led by the grandson of the King Wolf, Zayyan ibn Mardanish, born in Onda, believing that Zayd Abu Zayd had betrayed them by abandoning the law of Muhammad and moving to the Christ’s one. Because of the pressure of Zayyan and his followers, Zayd Abu Zayd fled the city of Valencia and moved to the North (Segorbe, Argelita, Castillo de Villamalefa). Zayyan would enter triumphantly in the city of Valencia in January 1229, although he did not become a king. From Murcia, the rebel anti-almohade Ibn Hud al – Djudzani besieged the city of Valencia pressing Zayyan to abandon it, but a threat from Castille obliged Ibn Hud to retreat in Murcia. All this disorder in the city of Valencia grew the anxieties of Jaime I for trying again to conquer the Kingdom.

Zayd Abu Zayd, intending to recover the possessions that Zayyan had left, joined the Christian conquest and in 1229 he incorporated in Calatayud to Jaime I by offering help to the conquest of the taifa of Valencia. In this treaty, Zayd Abu Zayd promised to Jaime I a fourth part of what he would conquer and some strategic castles as the bond of the agreement. In return, the Aragonese King promised him help and protection.

Before the taifa of Valencia conquest Jaime I conquered Majorca, so during these years only a few catalano-Aragonese noblemen helped Zayd Abu Zayd in the North. Unable to retrieve the lost castles, Abu Zayd was obligated to accept a third Pact, in 1232, by which gave all the incomes of the city of Valencia and its gardens. Conquered Majorca (1229), in 1232 Jaime I began the conquest of the taifa of Valencia. He started from Burriana and two months later, in July 1233, the city surrendered. Immediately after this all the castles at North of the city, at that time capital of Plana, fell. Peñíscola, Castellón de la Plana, Borriol, Vinromà-Cuevas and Vilafamés were some of the capitulated cities.

At that time almost entire kingdom was in the possession of Zayyan, except the castles of Segorbe, Ayodar, Almenara, Puebla of Sandy, Cirat, Liria, Nules, Wave, Villamalefa Castle and some others, which remained faithful to Zayd Abu Zayd.

In 1236 Abu Zayd converted to Christianity, baptized with the name of Vicent Bellvís. The same year he ceded all his territories to the Bishop of Segorbe in proof of his conversion. This year he signed a fourth and final agreement with Jaime I where confirmed previous agreements and converted the dynasty vassals to Aragon.

After being defeated by Jaime I in the battle of el Puig de Santa María, Zayyan became strong in the city of Valencia. In 1238, Jaime I besieged the city of Valencia helped by catalano-Aragonese noblemen and the proper Abu Zayd. After five months of siege Zayyan’s capitulation was achieved, accelerated by not receiving the expected support from the sultan of Tunisia. He delivered the city to Jaime I on 28 September 1238. In Zahen capitulation treaty he agreed with Aragonese King his exit from Valencian lands through the port of Cullera towards Tunisia.

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