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The repopulation of Valencia (1238)

During the repopulation the city was divided into parts, according to the origin of the settlers, most from Aragon and Catalonia. The repopulation process was slow and continuous during the whole XIV-th century. The Moors who remained in the city were established outside the walls, in what at that time was known as “la Morería”, however, within the city wall there was another neighborhood, this, in turn, walled, known as “The Jewish quarter” or “Call”, quarter donated by Jaime I, so that there were living the Jews who mostly were devoted to the goldsmith work.

At that time, the furs (a compilation of laws) were enacted, the oldest code of maritime law and “The book of the Consulate of del Mar” were written,  the judicial power was exercised by “Justice” and other important figure in the daily life of the city was “the Mostassaf”, which was watching the market, the weights, measures, prices and transactions. In the Christianized city of Valencia the old mosques were converted into churches, the Great Mosque in cathedral, under the patronage of Santa Maria. In the year 1262 on the Great Mosque began the construction of the cathedral by the Cistercian order.

In the XIII-th century, to facilitate the access to the suburbs of the city placed in the north margin of the river, two bridges of stone were built – the “dels Catalans” (or the Trinity) bridge and the Royal one. In this area of new urban development, Jaime II constructed a Royal palace, which was looted by Peter the Cruel in 1364 when he attacked Valencia for the second time. And for having resisted two attacks, Valencia received the title of “twice loyal city” and reason why two crowned “L” flank the shield of the city.