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The Renaissance in Valencia

The Suppression and punishment of the ‘agermanats’ by the Queen Germaine of Foix, widow of Ferdinand II of Aragon and named vicequeen of Valencia by his stepson Charles V, were very bloody and many people died on the gallows. The reprisals were lengthened for many years and in 1542 there were still confiscations of property of ‘agermanats’.
The crisis of the Germanias caused depopulation of the nobility from Valencia to the capital of the Kingdom around the Viceregal Court. This renaissance court was courtesy, cheerful and cultivated, with gallant adventures and duels, discreet pleasures and artistic festivals. With the ascent to the throne of Philip II, the ancient city-states were replaced by large territorial state. The aristocracy of Valencia still did not want to be a subject of civil laws and maintained the old habit to resolve their disputes with bloody fights between parties. When Ferdinand, Duke of Calabria and third husband of Queen Germaine, died Valencia remained definitely without court.
The buildings in Valencia began to present Italian elements in the decoration but still tended to present gothic structures. The abundance of monuments gave a great prestige to the city, whose beauty all over the world praised. Valencia was submitted either to any urban arrangement of set nor to the geometric rigor and it preserved its under – medieval Muslim descent.

In 1599 King Philip III celebrated in Valencia his wedding with Margarita of Austria. The city of Valencia assumed the expenses of the Royal Wedding, this coupled with a lack of wheat and other deprivations produced the economic hardship of the municipality, causing hunger in the people, while the aristocracy was increasingly more powerful. The 16th century ended with the expulsion of the moors decreed by Philip III, despite the fact that the artisans and peasants of this culture were very useful and necessary in the country.