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The Fallas Today

The Fallas Today

The Fallas are the main festival of the city of Valencia, third in importance in Spain, but however the feast can also be found at numerous locations in the Community, such as Denia, Alzira, Gandia, Játiva, Orihuela and many others who have wanted to join in this celebration which has been declared of International Tourist Interest. The feast takes place from 15 to March 19 (the so-called «week Fallera”), but already since March 1-th some acts, for example the «mascletaes», authentic pyrotechnic explosions, are celebrated.
This feast is not just a monument that burns; the pyrotechnics, the music and the cult of San José and the Virgen de los Desamparados play an essential role too. In addition, the Plaza de Toros de Valencia organizes bullfights the first half of the month of March.
The organizers of the Fallas in the popular ambience are the commissions falleras, which are associations responsible for mounting the monuments in the corresponding dates. Most of the commissions have introduced other elements of the Valencian culture as the Valencian “jotas”, the game of the «truc» and the Valencian ball.
In 1998/99 there were 372 committees in the city of Valencia and the surrounding area, and each had as representatives a president and a Fallera Mayor. At the same time, the falleros children of each falla had their president and their infant child Fallera Mayor. The highest organ of the celebration is the Junta Central Fallera, which is sponsored by the Town Hall. The president of the Junta Central Fallera and Falleras Mayor are the representatives of the Fallas festival.

The Fallas and the falleras 2013 - guide of Valencia
The monuments or fallas are papier-mâché constructions or similar mounted in the street on March 15 and burnt the night of 19. Each Commission mounts a large monument (falla) and another one more small (falla infantil). The traditional falla has a central figure and different scenes surrounding it, composed by ‘ninots’. In general, they represent critical satirical scenes on contemporary issues; It is normal to see them politicians and famous people. Very often a spicy humor can be found. In the city of Valencia the largest concentration of monuments is located in the Central District of Ruzafa and maritime districts. It is essential to visit the falla of the Town Hall Square, which is out of competition, built by the municipality and usually one of the best fallas in the city.
The pyrotechnics takes various forms in the Fallas: fireworks, «mascletaes», «cremà» of the fallas and firecrackers of any kind that children and adults throw in the «despertà» (at eight in the morning in the week Fallera).mascleta the Fallas Valencia 2013

During the Fallas there is constant sound of firecrackers. There are many kinds of firecrackers: from small bangers which children launch in the street up to the «masclets» (explosives of a certain power) for almost 24 hours a day. Both the Town Hall and the commissions hire castles of fireworks.
The «mascletà» is a genuinely Valencian pyrotechnics specialty. It consists of a continuous shot of various types of fires with the basic aim to produce a lot of noise for about ten minutes. The «mascletas» often begin on two in the afternoon. The commissions perform the “mascletàs” from 16 to 19 March of habitual form, but the Town Hall shoots them in the square which bears his name since March 1. Visitors are advised that if going to contemplate the «mascletà» of the City Council, which is in the square at 13:30 or even before, and that if they have never seen one before, to get place on a considerable distance from the security fence since once the show starts it is impossible to move across the crowd given the amount of people concentrated there.
In the Fallas hundreds of musicians come to Valencia to play mainly in the «despertà», the parade and the offering. A music band that goes to Valencia to play at the Fallas must know the typical musical compositions of the feast.
But in addition to the music of the bands, at night can also be found feasts with mobile discotheques or Orchestra in many neighborhoods. It should not be forgotten the concerts with important artists organized by some radio stations.

mascleta the Fallas Valencia 2013-2
On March 19, the commitments make a mass in honor to San Jose, but the most spectacular religious event is in honor to the Virgen de los Desamparados, the saint patron of Valencia. It’s the «offering of flowers», which is commemorated since 1951. During «offering of flowers” all the falleros parade wearing regional costumes in front of a big picture of the Virgen, whose shawl is made with bouquets of flowers that the fallers bring. The offering takes place on the 17th and 18th in front of the cathedral.

Walking down Valencia during the Fallas adorned streets can be found. Some committees participate in the contest of lighted streets. It is even possible to see «Moors and Christians» parading by Valencia, as the traditional mora stop shortly before the week Fallera in the maritime district. Many other acts as the «Crida» ( official proclamation of the feasts), the «Cabalgata del Ninot», where the falleros parade disguised parodying current topics; the «Cavalcade of the Kingdom», where the festivals are present from other populations of the Community; the Exaltation of the Fallera Mayor de Valencia, act that is being celebrated in tribute to her and her Court of Honor and many more things, like chocolate with fritters, tours to visit Las Fallas and bullfights, between some detail that is easy to forget in a feast of such dimensions, complete the feast.

History of the Fallas in Valencia